Types of Incontinence in Men
We have listed the main types of Urinary Incontinence that affect men below. If you feel that you are struggling with any of these, please don't hesitate to discuss it further with your doctor.
The most common type of urinary incontinence, urge incontinence is when the bladder contracts at the wrong time, signaling that you need to urinate even though you may have just gone to the bathroom. It will be a feeling of the sudden urge to go. This may be linked to an enlarged prostate or resulting from prostate surgery.
You may also find that you need to urinate more often than usual, 4-8 times a day, and maybe even at night. However, you can 'train' your bladder to urinate less and avoid urination at night in some cases. Visit Exercise to Help With Self-Control to learn more.
When you cough or sneeze do you experience leaks? This could be stress incontinence. It usually involves only tiny amounts and is often associated with weakness of the pelvic floor muscles, however, there are exercises that strengthen the pelvic floor and can help improve these symptoms.
10-30% of men who experience urinary incontinence have mixed symptoms. The most common combination is stress incontinence and urge incontinence. If you happen to have both types of Incontinence, there is usually one that causes more problems than the other, so you should focus on dealing with the most common symptoms first.
Post-Micturition Dribble (PMD)
This occurs after you have voided your bladder but the bladder does not empty completely and continues to leak after urination. Enlarged prostates or weak pelvic muscles are common conditions associated with PMD.
A constant flow of urine is usually caused by obstruction or nerve damage. If you experience this, it is probably best to get checked by your doctor.
While the urinary tract system may function normally, functional incontinence is caused by the inability to get to the toilet on time due to physical limitations or mental illness.
Damage or changes to the nervous system (such as Parkinson's Disease, Multiple Sclerosis or brain damage) can affect the way the brain send signals and connections. This results in an inability to control the bladder or void it altogether.
If you are unsure of your symptoms
You will notice now that there are many types of incontinence, but of course, everyone's experience is different. If you are unsure about your symptoms or what type of incontinence you may be experiencing, it may be a good idea to keep a bladder diary (a journal recording your urine patterns throughout the week) to monitor what is happening. This is a great way to record what is going on so you can discuss it with your doctor or healthcare professional.