Causes of Male Incontinence
How the Urinary Tract System Works
Before urine reaches the bladder, the kidneys work at removing liquid waste from the body. As the bladder fills with urine, pressure can be felt which signals to the brain that the muscles need to contract to inhibit urine from flowing out. Once you're ready, the muscle will relax letting the urine flow out of the body. Urinary incontinence can be caused by injury or weakening of the muscles or nerves involved in this process. This leads to involuntary leakage or the inability to pass urine normally.
There are no single major causes for male incontinence, but common causes include:
- A swollen prostate can block the normal flow of urination and often lead to urinary urge incontinence or 'sudden need to urinate.'
- Prostate surgery can also cause temporarily weakened muscles or injury leading to stress-induced urinary incontinence. This will lead to involuntary leaks when exerting your body by laughing, coughing, or doing certain physical activities.
- Urinary tract infections (UTIs) can cause overactive bladder issues.
- Medication, nerve damage, or brain damage can affect signals sent to the brain and affect urination.
- Obesity is linked to incontinence due to the extra pressure on the abdominal and pelvic muscles.
- Diuretic medications can increase the risk of incontinence.
- Diabetes can lead to small leaks of urine.